Researchers have discovered that a burgeoning deer population forever alters the progression of a forest’s natural future by creating environmental havoc in the soil and disrupting the soil’s natural seed banks.
Garry Rogers: In natural systems, predation, disease, weather, and negative feedback from heavy grazing and use might control deer populations in common boom and bust cycles that for deer might occur with decades between highs and lows. There are fewer natural limits on domestic livestock grazing, and land is never rested for decades. Thus, the lament of lost natural futures might apply to all lands used by livestock. Go here for a discussion and references for arid-lands plant invasions and use by domestic livestock: https://garryrogers.com/2013/12/27/plant-invasions.
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